Now we know that they actually subsidise our universities
Australian Universities and China
Speech by Mr Peter Varghese AO, Chancellor of The University of Queensland, to the canada goose outlet black friday sale 2018 National Conference on University Governance, 4 October 2018, Adelaide
canadian goose jacket The habits of four decades in government die hard so let me begin with a caveat. My remarks today are very much a personal perspective, drawing on my past engagement with China as a foreign policy practitioner and informed by my current role, but it is not an official University of Queensland position. canadian goose jacket
Today I wish to talk about what China means to Australian universities: what are the issues we canada goose outlet uk face, how best to think about the relationship with China and, importantly, how do we manage risks while expanding opportunities.
canada goose store To understand where China fits into the world of Australian universities you must start with budgets canada goose outlet houston not geopolitics. Put simply, China has proven to be the easiest answer to the budget pressures facing all Australian universities. But like all easy answers it creates its own complications. canada goose store
It is no coincidence that the large rise in the number of Chinese and other international students canada goose outlet authentic in Australia has paralleled the steady dilution of federal funding as a share of total university funding.
In 1986, when universities were first canada goose factory outlet vancouver allowed to offer fee paying places to international students, more than 80% of university funding came from the Federal Government.
canada goose black friday sale International student numbers expanded by 129% from 1987 to 1992, and further doubled between 1994 and 2000. canada goose black friday sale
By 2002 there were approx. 125,000 international enrolments in Australian higher education. By 2017 that had increased by 180% to 350,000 enrolments.
Today across the most research intensive universities (the Go8), federal support averages below 40% (excluding the Higher Education Loan Program, HELP). As the number of international students has grown federal support as a proportion of total university budgets has halved.
At The University of Queensland this year for the first time, income from tuition fees, overwhelmingly from international students, will surpass income from Commonwealth Supported Places, including HELP.
Moreover as the numbers of international students at Australian universities has grown https://www.canadagoosejacketsforcheap.com so also has the mix changed.
In 2002, canada goose outlet enrolments from China comprised 14% of total international higher education enrolees.
By 2017, enrolments from China had grown to 38% of international students.
Emeritus Professor Frank Larkins (former Deputy Vice Chancellor of Melbourne University) recently wrote that of the 28 nations with more than 1000 enrolees in Australian higher education in 2017, seven nations had fewer students enrolled than 25 years ago. Among them are some of our most important Asian partners Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand and Japan.
canada goose coats At UQ, Chinese students will account for close to half of all international students in 2018. We are towards the middle of the spectrum. Many other universities are more highly geared to China and to international students in general. canada goose coats
There is nothing inherently wrong with this. Quite the contrary. International students bring many benefits.
cheap canada goose uk International canada goose outlet washington dc education is now Australia largest services export, contributing $32B to our canada goose outlet las vegas export earnings with multiplier effects through the economy. In a recent study commissioned by the Group of Eight universities, London Economics estimated that every 3 Go8 international students generate $1M in economic activity during their enrolment. London Economics also estimated that $1m of off campus non fee spending by overseas students supports 8.78 jobs throughout the Australian economy. cheap canada goose uk
There used to be those who argued that international students stole university places from Australian students. Now we know that they actually subsidise our universities, especially our research programs.
And beyond the economic benefits, international students deepen our regional links, reinforce our foreign policy objectives, strengthen Australia soft power and broaden the horizons of Australian students. They also create a network of alumni in Asia who know Australia first hand, occupy significant positions and for the most part have a very positive attitude towards us.
We should bear this balance sheet in mind when we hear calls to restrict the work rights of international students or unworkable canada goose outlet us suggestions that we direct canada goose outlet edmonton international students towards regional universities or blaming international students for the congestion in our cities.
The issue here is not the benefits to Australia of international students but whether demand from China will hold up. In the short to medium term it is more likely than not that demand will remain strong. But, like any market, the market in international students can be cyclical and influenced by external factors and universities would be wise to plan on this basis.
canada goose coats on sale There are two potential threats to demand from China. canada goose coats on sale
canada goose uk outlet The first is the extraordinary investment China is making in its own university system. canada goose uk outlet
Canada Goose Online Unlike Australia, government investment in Chinese universities has been growing strongly. Canada Goose Online
Canada Goose sale The highly ranked Tsinghua University, which has about 36,500 students, received $AU3.9 billion from the Central government in 2017, close to 40% more than in 2016. Indeed when you take into account purchasing power parity it makes it a very well funded university and highly competitive. Canada Goose sale
Peking University, with some 43,000 students, received $AU2.9B from the central government, an increase of more than 50%.
Shanghai Jiao Tong University, approaching 41,000 students, received $AU2.2B in 2017, a 37% increase on 2016.